What Is Heterogeneous Abnormal Marrow Signal?

According to the American Society of Clinical Oncology, a heterogeneous abnormal marrow signal is what doctors look for on a magnetic resonance imaging of a patient’s bone as a probable indicator of a malignancy in order to diagnose a patient with cancer. Findings of abnormality in the bone marrow on an MRI should not be disregarded.

According to a comment in a paper published in Annals of Oncology, magnetic resonance imaging has helped with the diagnosis and evaluation of cancers that originate in the bone marrow. The static MRI and the dynamic MRI are two kinds of machines that are used rather often. Taking photographs of the many forms of bone marrow requires using each of them, which each have their own set of benefits and drawbacks. Imaging techniques based on dynamic magnetic resonance may be used to differentiate between healthy and cancerous bone marrow. It has the potential to uncover malignant marrow development in individuals who have had negative static MRIs, and it may serve as a diagnostic and prognostic tool for patients who have been diagnosed with cancer.

According to Dr. Indranil Mallick’s article on About.com, a biopsy is yet another method that medical professionals may use to get information on bone marrow. The cells that develop into red blood cells, white blood cells, and platelets are found in normal bone marrow. If the ratio of these cells is off, it might be an indication that there is something wrong with the patient. It is possible for lymphomas and other types of cancer to spread to other organs and bone marrow, which is a symptom of metastatic illness. A biopsy of the bone marrow may help medical professionals discover cancer cells and make a diagnosis of a metastasis.