The length of an appendix may range anywhere from 2 centimetres to 20 centimetres, with 11 centimetres being the typical length in an adult. It may be found in the area between the large and the small intestines, specifically at the cecum. The appendix is situated on the right side of the body’s bottom right quadrant.
Because of its slender, worm-like appearance, this anatomical feature is sometimes referred to as the vermiform appendix. However, it has been hypothesised that the appendix may play a part in the colon being populated with healthy bacteria, which would be beneficial to the health of the colon. The appendix does not have any recognised biological purpose. Patients who have had their appendix removed do not seem to suffer any adverse health impacts.
The appendix may become inflamed and even rupture in some individuals. This condition is called appendicitis. Because germs from the appendix may leak into the abdominal cavity and cause catastrophic intra-abdominal infections, this disease is considered to be one of the most hazardous in the medical field. In these circumstances, a procedure called an appendectomy is carried out, during which the appendix is removed in its entirety. Antibiotics may also be provided as a precautionary measure in the event that the extraction procedure may have caused the discharge of any microorganisms. Appendicitis is characterised by intense stomach discomfort, particularly in the lower right quadrant, as well as nausea and vomiting. An inflamed appendix may be diagnosed with the use of a CT scan, an ultrasound, or a comprehensive physical exam.