What Was the Cause of the Haitian Revolution?

The inhumane nature of slavery combined with the aspiration of Haitian blacks and persons of mixed race to be accorded the courtesy and dignity they deserved were the driving forces behind the Haitian Revolution. During the time of the French Revolution, French people were responsible for sowing the seeds of rebellion in Haiti. Haitians, both free and enslaved, were motivated to rebel against a system that they felt was unjustly treating them as a result of the triumph of the French revolution for independence.

Before the revolution, residents of Haiti were divided into three distinct groups. Every class has its own distinct privileges and regulations to follow. Under this system, white people were given the greatest number of privileges. They were the owners of slaves as well as the farms that benefited financially from the work of slaves. The next category of persons included those who were composed of more than one race. These individuals have ancestry that was comprised of both black and white blood. Even though the vast majority of individuals who were multi-racial were free, they did not have the same rights as white people. They were treated as second-class citizens and, if they disobeyed the law, were exposed to a variety of humiliations on both the personal and professional fronts as well as unjust legislation.

Slaves of African descent were the lowest class, and they were the ones who were forced to toil on plantations for long hours under harsh circumstances. They were forced to work in situations that were beyond anyone’s comprehension, including extreme heat and humidity.

After the victorious conclusion of the French Revolution, tensions among these three factions continued to escalate. Haitian blacks and persons of mixed race worked together in a plot to overthrow the white-dominated system of slavery, obtain freedom and equal rights for everyone, and take control of Haiti.