Care Instructions for a Bromeliad Plant

Answer

Bromeliads, also known as Bromeliaceae, need relatively little care in order to live; nonetheless, there are a few things to keep in mind in order to ensure that these spectacular plants do well in USDA hardiness zones 10 and 11. The smaller, terrestrial members of the pineapple family will produce colourful, luxuriant leaves and brilliant, magnificent blooms in your house if they are given the appropriate amount of light, water, and well-drained soil.

Planting

Bromeliads that grow in the ground need a soil that drains water fast. They should be planted on soil that has good drainage so that excess water may drain away from the plant. Position the plants in the soil so that the undersides of their leaves are level with the surface of the soil. Because bromeliads must be grown in a location that has enough air flow, it is important not to place them against structures or to crowd them too closely together. Small plants can need staking as they wait for their root systems to become stronger.

Light and Temperature

The ideal temperature range for bromeliads is between 55 and 60 degrees Fahrenheit at night and approximately 70 degrees Fahrenheit during the day. This is because bromeliads are native to regions with tropical weather. In order to produce blooms, bromeliads normally need a great deal of sunshine; however, there are certain types that can thrive in partial shade. The plants will generate long, slender leaves if they are not getting enough light to adequately nourish them. An excess of light will cause the leaves to become thick and a pale green colour.

Water

In general, you should give bromeliads water, but you should take care not to overdo it. Repeat the process of watering them until the soil that surrounds them is almost completely dry. Do not allow the soil around the plant to get saturated with water; doing so will suffocate the plant’s roots. A natural reservoir may be formed by the growth of the leaves of some bromeliad species. To prepare the “cup,” fill it with water. Regularly flushing the plant’s container with clean water will avoid the accumulation of mineral deposits and will hinder the development of mosquito larvae. These plants thrive in wet environments; thus, you should water the plant to keep it damp if the relative humidity falls below 50 percent.

Fertilizer

Bromeliads need a general-purpose liquid fertiliser to be applied every three to four weeks, with the exception of the months of November through February. During these months, the fertiliser may stimulate new growth that is susceptible to being harmed by the lower temperatures. To the soil, apply fertiliser at a rate that is between one-fourth and one-half of the amount that is indicated on the product label. It is important not to put this weakened fertiliser in the cup that is created by the plant’s leaves since the salts in the fertiliser might potentially burn the plant.

Pests and Disease

In most cases, bromeliads do not have any difficulties with pests. If the leaves develop a black mould that looks like scale, use an insecticidal soap to kill the scale and remove the mould with soapy water. Avoid using oil sprays at any costs. If the water that collects in the cup of the plant is not emptied on a regular basis, mosquitoes may become an issue.

Forcing Blossoms

Bromeliads are tropical plants that may produce spectacular blossoms under the right circumstances. By putting a mature plant inside of a transparent plastic bag together with a juicy apple, you may coax the plant into producing flowers against its will. The apple will expel gases, which will cause the bromeliad to flower as a result. After two or three days, take the bag off the plant and continue to water it as you normally would. In anywhere from six to fourteen weeks, you should see flowers appearing on the plant. When the plant has finished flowering, it will wither and eventually die. It will generate offshoots, sometimes known as pups, which you may transplant into pots after removing them from the parent plant.