In the world’s rainforests, there are hundreds of different kinds of plants and animals, all of which are crammed into a very small area. The abundance of plant and animal life in these regions must surely result in the discovery of new species of flora and fauna on an almost annual basis. Plant species have become endangered as a direct result of ongoing deforestation and development in rainforests, which has brought some of them to the brink of extinction.
According to Blue Planet Biomes, the durian tree may be found growing in the tropical rainforests of Southeast Asia. The durian tree is one of the oldest in the world and was one of the first to employ animals as a means of seed dissemination. It is also one of the oldest trees in the world. The fruit of this tree has sharp spines all around it, and it grows directly on the trunk and the main branches of the tree. The morning bat, which is the primary species responsible for pollination durian trees, has had its habitat almost entirely destroyed as a consequence of human activity in the rainforest, which has led to the endangered status of the durian tree.
Large forests of mangrove trees may be seen forming along the shorelines of saltwater bodies in the rainforests of South America, Africa, Southeast Asia, and India. These trees have developed remarkable capabilities for surviving in salty conditions, including having roots that can function as filtration systems to remove excess salt while retaining critical nutrients. The destruction of rainforests all over the globe has resulted to an increase in the amount of contaminants, such as oil, that have been found in seawater bodies. This has put mangrove forests in a precarious position. The root systems of mangrove trees get clogged with these chemical contaminants, which causes the plants to starve to death.
According to the website Its Nature, the rafflesia arnoldii plant can only be found in Southeast Asian countries. Due to the fact that it is unable to synthesise chlorophyll and does not have an actual root system, the plant might be considered to be a parasite. In unexplored rainforests, it survives by incorporating itself into the Tetrastigma genus of vines that grow in the jungle. This plant is uncommon for a number of different reasons, including the fact that it is extremely specialised, has a lengthy development cycle before blooming, has a limited window of opportunity for reproduction, and is reliant on local insects for the facilitation of reproduction. The rafflesia arnoldii suffers the same fate as the vanishing insect populations brought on by the destruction of rainforests.