How to Get Succulents to Bloom

Answer

Plants that store water in their stems, leaves, or roots are known as succulents. These plants are cultivated largely for the structural interest that they provide over time. Succulents are often reluctant to blossom, particularly if they are kept as houseplants in containers, which is a shame since flowers are a delightful bonus. Find out what kinds of circumstances exist in the native habitat of the plants to get a sense of the kinds of growth conditions and seasonal cycles that are optimal for them. It’s possible that all that’s required for good blooming is the application of winter cold, summer heat, fertiliser, or increased light intensity.

Temperature

In order to establish their flowering chemistry, many succulents need greater temperatures throughout the summer. Temperature extremes are something that can’t be experienced in climate-controlled dwellings. Moving succulents outside for the summer months is beneficial for the plants, but the transition should be done carefully. The plants should be gradually exposed to more heat and sunlight over the course of a couple of weeks, and then they should be placed in an area with warm temperatures and partial sunlight. Dormancy during the winter months and temperatures below freezing are required for plants native to cold-winter deserts, such as those found in the interior of the western United States and high-elevation regions of South America. Place these plants in cooler regions for the duration of the winter.

Fertilizer

It is essential for a plant to produce flowers in order to produce seeds, which are required to ensure the survival of the species. Therefore, plants will attempt to produce flowers whenever this is feasible. Nonetheless, they need plant food in order to acquire the necessary components for flower production. Because there is not a lot of rain to wash plant nutrients away from the soil, the soil in deserts actually supplies excellent nourishment for the plants that grow there. When grown in a garden, succulents should be fertilised starting in the spring, when the plant first starts to develop. During the time when the plant is actively developing, apply fertiliser at a half intensity once per month. Stop applying fertiliser in the late summer or early autumn. To encourage the development of flowers, fertiliser with a greater phosphorus content, such as 10-15-10, should be used.

Water

Water is essential for the formation of flower buds and the production of new growth in succulents. In the event that they do not get it, they will exhaust the reserves of water in their tissues that are necessary for them to withstand drought. In this state, they will continue to exist, but they will not flourish. During seasons of active development, water plants vigorously until water begins to seep out of the drainage holes in the pot. After this first watering, wait to water again until the top inch of soil is completely dry. The majority of succulents enter a period of dormancy during the course of the year, typically during the winter for cacti and during the summer for plants such as living stones (Lithops). This period of rest is necessary in order to prepare the plant for flowering. During the dormant period, the plant should be kept dry. Every kind of succulent requires potting soil that has excellent drainage.

Light

Even if they are growing underneath a bush in nature, plants that are native to arid land still receive a significant amount of direct and indirect light, which can be challenging to recreate in an indoor setting. For the majority of cacti, an eastern or southern window is the ideal location. In order to produce the food that is necessary for blooming, the vast majority of succulents require sunlight for at least half of the day, preferably in the morning. When the development of a leaf or stem succulent, which ought to be dense, is open and slack instead of compact, there is not enough light for blooming. It is impossible for spherical cacti to produce flowers if they are reaching towards the sun. If you keep your succulents in complete darkness, you will only be able to get blooms from a select few species, such as gasterias, haworthias, and some types of aloes. Succulents can be grown successfully under grow lights even if there is not enough natural light.

Photoperiod

The number of hours in a day and the length of a night both fluctuate with the seasons, which is related to the light conditions. The photoperiodicity of an environment plays a significant role in the establishment of the biological clocks of all species, including humans and plants. Certain succulents, such as the Schlumbergera cultivars used for Christmas decorations, need circumstances of long nights and short days, in addition to moderate temperatures, in order to commence the formation of flower buds. The development of buds is triggered in many other succulents by a combination of factors, including lengthening days and rising spring temperatures. Flowering may be disrupted if the plant is exposed to additional light that artificially lengthens or shortens the duration of the night.