In addition to serving as screens, border backdrops, and beautiful specimen plants in residential gardens, bamboos (Bambusa spp.) evoke thoughts of the exotic landscapes of Asia. Some varieties of bamboo, which are members of the grass family, may survive in USDA plant hardiness zones ranging from 3 to 11. Clumping types of bamboo are less of a threat to the environment than running varieties, which spread rapidly if they are not contained. The amount of time bamboo is exposed to direct sunshine, the amount of water it receives, and the amount of fertiliser it receives all impact its pace of development. Bamboos are most successful when grown in soil that is rich in organic matter and has good drainage. Soil that is poorly drained causes bamboo roots to rot and stunts the plant’s development.
Remove any plants or other garden elements that are casting too much shadow, and trim back any foliage that is hanging over the edge of the garden. Bamboo can survive in shaded areas, but it will grow more quickly and to a greater height in full sun. The duration of daylight hours increases in the spring, which causes an acceleration in growth that continues through the summer and into the autumn, when bamboos cease their growth.
Be sure to often water the bamboo. Existing plants can endure dry conditions, but they will thrive with an adequate supply of water. When the weather is dry, water plants that are in full sun once a week, but water them more often when there is a lot of wind. Saturate the ground with water, but cease the irrigation if the water does not drain away after four or five minutes.
Every one to three days, water bamboo that is growing in containers. The freshly planted bamboo should be irrigated with five gallons of water each day for the first four or five days, and then the plant should be re-watered if the leaves begin to curl. To keep the soil around bamboos wet and to prevent weed growth, mulch it with three inches of organic matter such as garden compost.
According to the instructions provided by Bamboo Bay Area at Cactus Jungle, bamboo should be fertilised in the spring and summer. When bamboo is fertilised, either chemically or organically, it promotes quicker and more robust growth. The American Bamboo Society recommends spraying a combination of composted chicken manure and rotten leaves in equal parts to a depth of one-eighth of an inch between bamboo stems twice each year, once in the early spring and once in the middle of summer. Alternately, you may apply a very small sprinkling of lawn turf builder every six to eight weeks from the beginning of spring to the end of summer, or in accordance with the directions provided by the manufacturer.
Things You Will Need
Different varieties of bamboo grow at varying rates and may reach a variety of heights. According to Monrovia, huge wood bamboo is one of the plants that can grow both quickly and to great heights (Bambusa oldhamii). This particular kind of bamboo may reach heights of 20 to 65 feet in as little as three to four weeks, and it thrives in USDA zones 8 through 11. According to Monrovia, the red clumping bamboo, also known as Fargesia nitida ‘Jiuzhaigou,’ is a kind of bamboo that is well suited for use in residential gardens. This clumping cultivar can thrive in USDA zones 5 through 9, and it may reach heights of 8 to 12 feet while spreading to widths of 4 to 6 feet.
If not contained, running bamboos may become an invasive species. It is recommended that any barriers that limit their development, such as containers or heavy-duty root barrier material, reach between 24 and 26 inches into the ground and between 4 and 6 inches above the ground.