How to Sanitize a Refrigerator


You wouldn’t put your food on a dirty plate or into a filthy container, and leaving it in a refrigerator that hasn’t been cleaned in a while would be almost as awful as doing either of those things. The drippings and leftovers that are left behind may be a breeding ground for mould and bacteria, which puts your food in jeopardy. It’s possible for the smell of rotten food to penetrate the rest of the items in your refrigerator. If you take the time to clean and sanitise your refrigerator on a regular basis, you may reduce the risk of food-borne disease and make it suitable for storing food.

  1. 1. Defrost Your Refrigerator

    A cooler should have either ice packs or a coating of ice in it. In the event that you need to defrost your refrigerator, unplug it. Reduce the temperature if it does not need defrosting; this will reduce the waste of electricity as well as protect you from being too chilly while you are cleaning it.

  2. 2. Remove the Contents of the Refrigerator

    To ensure the quality of everything, take out the contents of the refrigerator one by one and examine everything. If the bottles and containers are sticky or have drips on them, wipe them clean using a towel that has been dampened with water. Throw away anything that has an unpleasant odour, seems to be spoiling, or is beyond the date on which it should have been consumed for optimal freshness. Place in the cooler everything that can still be consumed safely. Put the lid on the cooler, and then put it to the side.

  3. 3. Wash All Removable Shelves and Drawers

    Remove any shelves, drawers, and racks that can be taken out of the room. According to instructions provided by House Cleaning Central, you should do it in the sink using hot water and dish soap. A gallon of warm water should be mixed with one spoonful of bleach. After rinsing the detachable components in the water and bleach solution, you should then let them dry naturally.

  4. 4. Create a Vinegar Cleaning Solution

    In a container, combine equal parts white vinegar and warm water, and stir until combined. After soaking a cloth in the solution, squeeze as much liquid out of it as possible so that it does not drop. Clean the whole refrigerator, including the front and back of the handles, using a damp cloth. This includes the inside as well as the outside. To get into any wrinkles or spots that are tough to access, try using an old toothbrush.

  5. 5. Scrub With Baking Soda

    According to Simple Clean Home, to remove persistent stains or food that has been trapped, sprinkle a teaspoon or two of baking soda over the affected area. Remove it by scrubbing it with the toothbrush or towel that has been soaked in vinegar and water.

  6. 6. Create a Bleach Disinfectant

    Alternately, dip a separate cloth into the solution of bleach and water. After it has been well wrung out, give the refrigerator one more wipe clean. Let the refrigerator dry out naturally. If you disconnected it or changed the temperature, you need to plug it back in again. The University of Nebraska–Lincoln suggests a temperature range for the refrigerator of between 34 and 40 degrees Fahrenheit, and a temperature range for the freezer of between minus 10 and minus 20 degrees Fahrenheit.

  7. 7. Replace the Shelves and Drawers

    It is time to replace the shelves, drawers, and other detachable components. Put the door back on, and wait for the refrigerator to reach its original temperature. Check the instructions that came with your appliance for a more precise estimate of how long it will take to return to a temperature at which food may be stored safely.

  8. 8. Replace the Food

    After the refrigerator has cooled down, the food should be replaced.

    Things You Will Need

    • Ice

    • Cooler

    • Rags

    • Dish detergent

    • Bleach

    • Buckets

    • White vinegar

    • Old toothbrush

    • Baking soda


    Placing an open box of baking soda inside the fridge may assist in preventing the formation of unpleasant smells.

    To eliminate scents that won’t go away, sprinkle a few drops of vanilla essence on a cotton ball and then place the cotton ball in a cup or bowl. Put it away in the refrigerator for a whole day.


    Bleach, ammonia, or cleaning solutions based on ammonia should never be used together since the resulting fumes may be very hazardous.