The procedure of beginning the growth of these quick-growing trees is straightforward and has a low rate of failure. Fig cuttings may be planted either in the ground or in containers. According to the North Carolina State University Cooperative Extension, the edible or common fig, also known as Ficus carica, is grown extensively within the plant hardiness zones 7b to 10a of the United States Department of Agriculture (USDA). However, it is possible to grow the fig as far north as zone 6 as long as the fig tree is brought indoors for the winter.
It is not difficult to propagate a fig tree from cuttings taken from a robust branch. However, the cuttings need to be begun at the appropriate time of year and in the appropriate circumstances in order for them to successfully root.
Planting Fig Cuttings in Pots
Many gardeners find that beginning fig cuttings in containers, where the growth conditions can be more precisely controlled, is the method that yields the greatest results. When the tree is still dormant in the late winter or early spring, you should collect two or three cuttings. The Alabama Cooperative Extension Service suggests taking cuttings that are between three and six inches long and have some mature wood at the base. The cutting should be made just under a growth node using pruning shears that have been sharpened with rubbing alcohol and then wiped clean. If you live in a temperate region where frost is uncommon, you may immediately pot the cuttings instead of storing them in a plastic bag inside the refrigerator until after the final spring frost has passed.
The fig cuttings should be rooted in a plastic container that is about 4 inches deep and filled with damp sand. Plant the fig cuttings in a vertical position so that the cut end faces downward and the whole bottom half of the cutting is buried in the sand. Plant the cuttings so that the cut end faces downward. If you want your fig cuttings to effectively root, you should plant them in a bright, warm spot either inside or outside your home. The ideal temperature is approximately 70 degrees Fahrenheit. To keep the air around the cuttings wet and prevent them from drying out, cover the top of the pot with a big plastic container. Apply water anytime the sand seems to be on the verge of drying out.
Planting Fig Cuttings Directly in the Ground
One way to get fig cuttings going, as recommended by the Rutgers New Jersey Agricultural Station, is to put them straight in the ground in the latter part of winter or the early part of spring. Collect stem cuttings that are extremely straight, have a length of 9 inches, and a thickness of no more than 3/4 inches. It is better to take cuttings from trees that are less than three years old, since these cuttings are likely to have a higher level of vitality than cuttings obtained from older trees. The cut should be made with sharp pruning shears that have been washed down with rubbing alcohol to remove any infections. The cut should be made just below a leaf bud or growth point.
Individual fig cuttings or bundles of up to ten cuttings may be put in the ground to start a new plant from seed. When planting the fig cuttings, make sure that the bottom half is buried under the earth. If you want to start cuttings outside while the weather is still chilly, create a greenhouse-like atmosphere for them by covering the area of the plant that is above ground with a layer of straw or plastic soda bottles with the base cut off. This will allow the plant to grow more quickly. Only water the cuttings if there has been no rain for at least a week and a half.
Transplanting Fig Cuttings
Fig cuttings will begin to root in four to six weeks if the circumstances are favourable; however, this process might take much longer if the temperature is low. After the freshly rooted cuttings have developed their roots and begun to grow leaves, they will be ready for transplanting into a permanent bed after a period of several weeks. It is best to wait until the cuttings have produced leaves before attempting to transplant them. Leaf formation is an indication of rapid development, which signifies that the cuttings will soon become established. According to the recommendations of the Alabama Cooperative Extension Service, fig cuttings may either be put straight into the garden or into a 1 1/2-gallon pot for further growth over the course of a few months, depending on the environment of the area.
Pick a location for your plant that gets full sun all day or just a little shade in the middle of the day and has rich, well-drained soil. It is best to avoid planting fig trees in places that have poor drainage since these trees might sometimes have problems with fungi and bacteria. Larger types may be planted up to 24 feet away from one another, while dwarf cultivars like Little Miss Figgy (Ficus carica ‘Little Miss Figgy,’ hardy in zones 7a to 10b) should be planted around 6 feet apart. Take care to plant them at the same level at which they were growing when you first got them. During the first summer after being planted in the ground, the fig cutting should get one inch of water.
Shears for cutting back bushes and shrubs Alcohol for the purpose of rubbing!!-!! 4-inch-deep pot
Bag made of a significant amount of plastic!!-!! Plastic container with a capacity of 2 liters!!-!! 1 1/2 gallon pot
Large plastic bag
2-liter plastic bottle
1 1/2 gallon pot