There are hundreds of different types of daisies that may be cultivated all over the globe, with the exception of Antarctica. Daisies, also known as Bellis perennis, are among the flowers that seem to be having the most fun in a garden. The majority of these easy-to-grow perennial plants thrive in hardiness zones 4-8 according to the United States Department of Agriculture. These regions include Europe, Africa, and North America. Your daisy garden will be particularly fruitful if the summers in your locale tend to be on the cooler side. Because there are so many different kinds of daisies, the hardiness zones stretch in both directions because they are dependent on the kind of daisy that is cultivated and the time of year when it is at its most vigorous stage of growth.
Before you begin extensive trimming, you need first determine the species of daisy that is growing in your yard. However, after the daisy blooms have begun to droop, they should all be removed from the plant in order to encourage the growth of further blossoms.
Caring for the English Daisy
The term given to the English daisy is the one that is used in scientific circles to refer to daisies in general. In contrast to the straightforward appearance of the daisy with white or yellow petals, one kind of the English daisy contains rows upon rows of petals that are either pink, white, or red and are clustered tightly together around a yellow core. How the English daisy should be pruned or trimmed is a matter of personal taste. During the period when plants are actively developing, you should prune away wasted blooms in order to stimulate more flowering. As the temperature begins to drop for the autumn season, the leaves begin to fall naturally. According to Garden Guides, you may either let the leaves fall to the ground so that they can supply nutrients to the soil below, or you can trim the leaves back so that your winter garden seems more organised.
In the event that you want to prune the plant, be sure to leave at least three to four inches of stem growing above the soil level. Spreading mulch around the base of the stalks will give a layer of insulation, which will assist the plant retain its moisture and prevent it from evaporating too quickly.
Caring for Other Daisy Varieties
Gerbera daisies, also known as Gerbera jamesonii, are easily identifiable by the cheerful blooming heads that measure four inches in diameter and shoot up from what seems to be an ocean of green leaves. The centre of the red, yellow, or orange petals is an orange eye, which is the point from which the seeds develop. It is recommended by the Missouri Botanical Garden that deadheading the Gerbera when the flowers begin to droop in order to encourage further blossoming throughout the summer and into the autumn. Carry out these steps before the seed heads form.
Gerbera daisies, in contrast to other types of daisies, are a warm-weather flower that thrives in the hardiness zones 8-11 of the United States Department of Agriculture. Even if the temperatures are milder in the winter than they are in more northern locations, they nevertheless recognise a lifecycle and enter a state of dormancy during that time of year.
The process of deadheading may be difficult, particularly for perennials. When you see that the bloom is beginning to wilt, use your fingers to go down the stem until you find a more compact stalk that is also developing a flower. Just above the point where everything connects is where you should be making your cuts. According to the advice provided by Fine Gardening, after there are no more blooms on the plant, cut the stem all the way down to the point where it joins the leaves at the base of the plant.
Pruning Montauk Daisies
The variety of daisy known as Montauk Daisies (Nipponanthemum Nipponicum), which is often referred to as Nippon Daisies, is the last of the daisy species to bloom during the summertime in hardiness zones 5–9 according to the United States Department of Agriculture. The Shasta daisy, which is believed to have originated in China and to be a part of the parentage of Shasta daisies, becomes extinct when the Montauk daisy arrives, after which it blooms continually up until the first frost that is very severe. The Montauk daisy gets its name from the settlement that is located at the very end of Long Island, and it flourishes in the breezes that come off of the ocean in the autumn when they get somewhat cooler. Large, snow-white blooms that twirl gracefully atop stems that may reach heights of up to three feet provide a splash of late-season colour to a landscape. The flowers grow from robust stalks that can reach up to three feet in height.
When the blooming season of the Montauk has passed and the onset of winter is drawing near, Den Garden recommends cutting away any dead leftovers, including flowers, leaves, and the stems that the plants grew on. After the stems on the Montauk have emerged, the spring is the best time to prune them back. To encourage new growth and a bushier plant, prune the plant so that it is just a few inches above the soil level. As a result of the fact that it will be many months before the plant flowers, new stalks have time to form.
As with other types of daisy, deadheading and cutting the stems down to just above the soil level is the ideal technique to trim the blooming plants.