If the water requirements of an area palm (Dypsis lutescens, USDA zones 10 to 11) are not satisfied, the plant may not flourish as it should and, as a consequence, may pass away before its time. If enough irrigation is provided, this problem may be avoided. Even though areca palms need water to live, an excessive supply of the substance might make the tree sick and, in the end, cause its death.
When areca palms get an excessive quantity of water, which may be caused by overwatering, the roots of the plants can rot and eventually die. This can be avoided by not overwatering the plants.
The study that was carried out by the Cooperative Extension Service of the University of Kentucky found that areca palms are not any different from the great majority of other palms that are routinely cultivated in the sense that they cannot tolerate being overwatered. Paying attention to the amount of moisture that is present in the soil is necessary if you want to be able to properly water a plant at the appropriate time. To evaluate whether or not the soil needs more water, all you have to do is enter your finger into the soil and feel the top inch; if it feels dry, you should give it extra water. According to study that was carried out by the University of Florida, despite the fact that areca palms are able to thrive in soils that have low levels of moisture, they produce the most fruit in environments where the soil surrounding them is never allowed to go completely dry.
During the first few months after planting, it is advised that freshly planted palms in the landscape get irrigation around three times per week on average. After that, the only further maintenance that is necessary is to water your grass once or twice each week, depending on the circumstances of the weather. In order to properly care for potted arecas, the soil should be maintained evenly moist but not saturated with water, as recommended by Clemson University. In addition to that, it shouldn’t be allowed to completely dry out. After the dirt has been completely drained, the bottom saucer should be emptied, and the inner arecas should be misted with water several times each week to enhance the humidity. This should be done until the soil has been completely removed.
Areca palms that get an excessive quantity of water display a variety of symptoms, including a loss of overall vigour, a slowdown in the rate of growth, and a decline in the intensity of the colour of the fronds. These symptoms may be seen in the plant after it has been watered. The worst-case scenario is that the palm will perish after catching root rot, which will cause the roots to turn black and become mushy. However, this is not the most likely outcome. The findings of a study that was carried out by Louisiana State University suggest that the existence of conditions that remain continuously wet makes it possible for the root rot fungus Phytophthora and Pythium to infect the areca.
Phytophthora and Pythium fungal spores thrive in moist environments and have the ability to survive in soil for an extended period of time, according to research that was carried out at the University of Wisconsin–Madison. This is true regardless of whether the soil contains plant waste, potting mix, or garden soil. In the event that the areca plant gets infected with root rot, it is best to dispose of the plant and start cultivating a new palm in healthy soil as soon as possible. This holds true whether the areca is grown in the ground or in a container of any kind.
The most efficient approach for avoiding problems that may be created by overwatering is planting in conditions that are ideal and watering in the proper manner from the very beginning of the process. Arecas have a higher tolerance for dry spells throughout the irrigation cycle than they do for floods since they don’t need as much moisture to survive. In addition to this, it is necessary to plant the areca in soil that satisfies the criteria, and if it is to be grown in a container, the container has to be of the appropriate size. If the areca is to be grown outdoors, it must be planted in soil that satisfies the requirements.
According to the Missouri Botanical Gardens, in order to successfully plant areca palms in the landscape, one must find a spot that has soil that is rich, moist but not drenched, and well-drained. Arecas that are grown in pots need a potting media that is not just light and fertile, but also has enough drainage. Additionally, the medium must be porous. In addition to this, the plant’s rootball should not be more than one size bigger than the container it is kept in. When we utilise containers that are too large or soils that are too dense, we end up with a situation in which the soil is completely soaked with water.
If you are dealing with an areca that already has root rot, you should try removing the plant from its container, washing the roots, and analysing them. This is the best way to handle the situation. When removing any black or mushy parts, use tools that have been sanitised, and either use a new saucepan or sterilise the old one by filling it with soapy bleach water. Always make sure you utilise freshly purchased potting soil. You need to transplant the seeds when the top inch of soil has dried up, and then you should only water them when it’s absolutely necessary. It is not recommended that you plant another areca palm in the same spot in the event that the one you already have passes away.
Apply pressure to the glued joint. The adhesive may take anywhere from 5 minutes to several hours to harden and could take several days to dry completely.
Rub the glued area with soap and water if you wish to remove the glue before it has dried. After it has dried, use acetone (found in most nail polish removers).