You can grow peppery, pretty arugula in two main varieties: Italian arugula (Eruca selvatica) and common arugula (Eruca sativa). Both of these varieties require little care and grow quickly; you can grow arugula in pots for sprouts or in a garden bed for salad greens. Italian arugula (Eruca selvatica) and common arugula (Eruca sativa) are the Due to its rapid germination, resistance to disease, and adaptability to a wide range of growing conditions, arugula is characterised as being very easy to grow by both the University of Florida IFAS Extension and the UC Master Gardeners of Napa County. This makes it an ideal plant for growing sprouts or microgreens.
Because the growth of the sprouts takes just a few weeks, they can be planted and harvested in stages, giving you access to a consistent supply of sprouts that are high in nutrients and delicious throughout the whole year.
The answer is yes, it is not difficult to cultivate sprouts from arugula seeds.
Growing Arugula in Pots
In order to generate sprouts that are both healthy and hygienic, arugula needs a lot of light, a lot of air movement, and soil that drains quickly and is sterile. Sprouts should be cultivated in a large container that has drainage holes at the bottom. Compost for seed-growing is often made up of sphagnum, perlite, coir, and other components that will ensure that seedlings have the appropriate amount of moisture in their environment. Fill the container up to within 1 inch of the top with wet, sterile compost for seed-growing.
According to the recommendations made by the University of Florida IFAS Gardening Solutions, the arugula seeds should be dispersed throughout the surface of the compost at a rate of ten to twelve seeds per square inch. The seeds should be covered with a layer of damp compost that is a quarter of an inch thick.
Place the pots on a windowsill that receives plenty of light, has a western, eastern, or southern exposure, and has adequate air circulation. While the seeds are germinating in the compost, which should take around two weeks for Italian arugula and ten days for ordinary arugula, keep the compost just slightly damp. The temperatures at which arugula can be grown might vary. According to research conducted at Cornell University, the seeds are able to successfully sprout at temperatures as low as 40 to 55 degrees Fahrenheit; but, they can also endure temperatures that are higher.
Growing Arugula in the Garden
In regions with more moderate temperatures, it is feasible to cultivate arugula sprouts in the garden throughout the whole year. The UC Master Gardener Program of Sonoma County suggests choose a place that receives at least four hours of direct sunshine each day, in addition to having soil that is both wet and drains well. If you cover the top 10 inches of soil with a layer of compost that is between 3 and 4 inches thick, you will be able to provide all of the nutrients that the arugula sprouts will need as they continue to develop. After spreading the seeds out over the top of the soil at a rate of 10 to 12 seeds per square inch, cover them with a thin layer of dirt that is no more than a quarter of an inch thick. Use a mister to water the plants well.
There are not many obstacles to overcome while cultivating arugula. Maintain a moist environment for the seeds, and check back in 14 days for Italian arugula or 10 days for common arugula to see whether they have sprouted. The seedlings are hardy enough to survive in very cold conditions, but they will need protection if the temperature stays lower than 28 degrees for more than four hours. A shade cloth with a density of between 40 and 60 percent is ideal for growing arugula during the warmer months. This helps prevent the arugula’s sensitive, delicate leaves from becoming bitter. Be sure to give the sprouts plenty of water.
Harvesting Arugula Sprouts
Microgreens and arugula sprouts are both taken when the plants are still very young, often when they are less than two inches tall. When the sprouts have their first two juvenile leaves completely grown and plump, but before they have their actual leaves, the sprouts are prepared for harvesting. According to the research conducted by the University of Florida IFAS Gardening Solutions, the ideal times of day to harvest microgreens are at night and in the morning. Using scissors that have been well cleaned, cut the sprouts off at their bases, and immediately wash them in clean water. They are ready to consume as soon as they are prepared, or they may be refrigerated for up to five or six days in an airtight container made of plastic.
Because arugula sprouts do not continue to develop after they have been harvested, you will need to sow more seeds over the compost and begin the procedure once again once the sprouts have been harvested. After you have harvested your sprouts, there is no need to worry removing the roots from the pot or bed since they will rapidly decompose and contribute nutritional content to the soil, which will be beneficial to subsequent harvests.