One of the many reasons why gardeners appreciate planting these peculiar-looking plants is so they may enjoy dipping an artichoke heart into a sauce made with butter. According to the North Carolina State Extension, the main edible part of an artichoke (Cynara cardunculus, formerly known as C. scolymus, USDA zones 7-10) is the heart and leaf tips of the immature thistle head, which looks like a green flower. Artichokes grow in the United States in USDA zones 7-10.
There are many different types available, such as Globe and Jerusalem artichoke plants. According to Planet Natural Garden Supply, artichoke plants spread outward to around 5 feet in diameter as they mature. As a result, planting artichokes in pots is a popular alternative since there is sufficient space for them to flourish amid other plants in a container. There are a few plants that grow well near the perennial artichoke for good companion gardening; among them are certain annual vegetables. If you choose to offer these plants space in your garden, there are a few plants that grow well near the perennial artichoke.
Think about planting broccoli, cucumbers, radishes, and rutabagas with your Globe artichokes and other artichoke varieties when deciding what else to grow in the garden.
Cucumbers as Artichoke Companion Plants
Since artichokes have climbing vines, juicy cucumbers (Cucumis sativus) do well when grown in close proximity to them. The artichoke plant’s neighbour, the cucumber plant, has the ability to position itself into the full sunshine that surrounds it and can even climb a neighbouring fence or trellis that has been deliberately erected. Both plants need a lot of water in order to produce the veggies they are ultimately intended for, as well as a soil composition that has been well tilled; water must drain effectively around both plants in order to have a fruitful harvest.
Broccoli as Jerusalem Artichoke Companion Plants
According to Nick’s Garden Center, all members of the mustard family, sometimes known as Brassicaceae, including broccoli (Brassica oleracea), produce beautiful blossoms when grown in close proximity to artichokes. For optimal development, broccoli, like artichokes, needs a soil composition that is wet but also free-draining, as well as full exposure to the sun. Seedlings of broccoli should be placed quite a distance away from the spreading leafy branches of an artichoke plant. When the soil is strengthened with compost, both plants have a better chance of flourishing. The organic matter has a high concentration of nutrients, which contribute to the broccoli heads and artichoke plant’s growth and development.
Plant Radishes With Artichokes
Radish (Raphanus sativus), a relatively unknown vegetable, is one that complements the growth of artichokes very well. This stunning red root vegetable grows rather close to the ground, and because of this, it will not cast a shade over an artichoke plant that is located nearby with its leaves. You will, however, need to plant the radishes in such a way that they may take advantage of the artichoke’s exposure to the light. A radish that is grown in the shadow will have a little root but will have enormous leaves. A soil plot that is adequately irrigated and has enough drainage are both essential for successful radish harvests. This allows the vegetable to successfully saturate its internal cells with water.
Rutabagas and Artichokes
Rutabagas, also known as Brassica napus, are another kind of root vegetable that may be planted in the area near artichokes. These plants have large, dark leaves to better absorb the sunlight required for the process of photosynthesis. In contrast to several other artichoke companion plants, rutabaga thrives best throughout the autumn and winter months of the growing season. Because the majority of artichoke plants are pruned down to the ground during the winter weather period when they are in their dormant state, the space left behind is perfect for the rutabaga’s leaves to grow out and develop its tasty root. As a direct consequence of this, you may almost cultivate a garden at any time of the year.