What Plant Has Long Vines & Spade-Like Leaves?


Long, spade-shaped leaves may be seen on the stems of many popular types of vines. The native California pipevine, as well as some types of morning glories, golden pothos, Rex begonia vine, and heartleaf philodendron, are all examples of vines that suit this description.

The California Pipevine

According to Las Pilatas Nursery, the California pipevine (Aristolochia californica) may grow up to 12 feet in length. It has spade-shaped leaves and peculiar blooms in which the petals are united to the calyx, resulting in a form like a calabash pipe. The vines have a propensity to grow horizontally over the ground, but they may be taught to climb by weaving the vines’ ends through a framework that provides support.

They are often seen growing on bushes in the wild, since this provides them with support. This natural plant is the sole host plant for the native pipevine swallowtail butterfly, and it flourishes in plant hardiness zones 6 through 10 as designated by the United States Department of Agriculture.

A Look at Morning Glories

According to Fine Gardening, the genus Ipomoea has over 500 species. However, not all morning glories are vines, and not all of their leaves are in the form of a spade. Even though USDA zones 9 through 11 are home to some perennial species, the vast majority of these plants are cultivated as annuals. The common morning glory, also known as tall morning glory (I. tricolour and cvs. ), has little leaves that are either spade-shaped or heart-shaped and trumpet-shaped blooms that bloom in the morning and wither away by the end of the day.

Vine species known as morning glory may quickly reach heights of ten feet. Moonflower, also known as I. alba, is a common plant found in butterfly gardens. Its 6-inch white blooms emerge in the twilight, attracting moths and bats who help pollinate the plant. The length of its vines may reach up to 10 to 15 feet. The water spinach (I. aquatica) plant, which is a member of the Ipomoea genus but is not very common, thrives in moist soil or water. In Asian cooking, the long, spade-shaped leaves of this plant are often picked for use as ingredients.

Golden Pothos as Groundcover

According to the Missouri Botanical Garden, golden pothos, also known as Epipremnum aureum, is a plant that is perennial in USDA zones 10 through 12 and is often cultivated inside as a houseplant. However, it may be grown outside in moderate shade. Although the golden pothos does sometimes produce flowers, the plant is mostly kept for the spade-shaped, variegated green, buttery yellow, and white leaves that it produces.

The length of a vine may reach up to 40 feet, and it is possible to train it to grow over a trellis or, when planted inside in a permanent location, over shelves and windows. Golden pothos is an excellent choice for use as a groundcover when it is grown outside and placed around trees.

Rex Begonia Vine

Although it is not a real begonia (Begonia spp. ), the Rex begonia vine (Cissus discolour) shares the colourful leaves and stems of many other begonia species. According to Fine Gardening, this plant may be grown in USDA zones 10 through 11, and its leaves have the appearance of an extended spade and somewhat resemble the point of a spear. The leaf veins and stems are a burgundy colour, and the leaves are a dark green colour with white spots.

Vines may reach a height of 10 feet and ascend utilising red tendrils that are very tiny and wind themselves around a support structure. This plant need either complete or partial shade in order to thrive. When cultivated in USDA zones 8 through 10, the Rex Begonia vine should be brought inside for the winter at the earliest opportunity.

Heartleaf Philodendron Houseplants

The heartleaf philodendron, also known as Philodendron scandens, is a species of philodendron that is native to the United States and grows natively in USDA zones 11 through 12, however it is more typically cultivated as an indoor houseplant elsewhere in the country. It is possible to cultivate the plant in pots and then move them inside for the winter. This plant has heart-shaped or spade-shaped leaves that are a dark green colour, and the name indicates that the form resembles a heart. These low-maintenance vines may reach lengths of up to 20 feet and like growing in shaded areas.