When to Fertilize Bush Beans


The bush bean is a popular choice because to its high yields, which may be achieved even on limited area. These plants require very little care and even fertilising them is a straightforward process that can be done infrequently. According to Horticulture South Africa, the success of a healthy summer crop may be achieved by the easy process of selecting the appropriate product and applying it in the appropriate manner.

Type of Fertilizer

The majority of garden plants do not manufacture their own nitrogen, although leguminous plants like bush beans and other legumes do. They don’t take nitrogen out of the soil as other organisms do; instead, they create nitrogen, which may lead to an oversupply in soils that have previously been intensively fertilised.

On the package of fertiliser, a standard three-number code denotes the various nutrients. Nitrogen comes in top, followed by phosphorus, and then potassium rounds out the list in third place. According to the Texas A&M AgriLife Extension Service, it is recommended that you look for a fertiliser with a nitrogen content of 10-20-10 or below. Pick from a wide variety of conventional and organic fertilisers that are sold at garden stores.


It is not necessary to fertilise the soil when transplanting bush beans because they are simple to cultivate and can be planted directly into the ground after the first frost. It is important to work fertiliser into the soil before planting seeds so that the seedlings will have access to the nutrients they need. A second application should be made when the mature plant is getting ready to bloom. To plant in succession, you will need to repeat this step throughout the summer.


Before you plant your seedlings, prepare the soil by working the fertiliser into the ground with a spade or tiller. This will ensure that the seedlings have access to the maximum amount of nutrients. This places those necessary components at the most vital section of a newly germinated seedling, which are the roots. After the plant has been established, giving it a top dressing of fertiliser before it blooms will provide it with nutrients that are released over a longer period of time so that it may continue to grow beans.

Never apply fertiliser straight to the base of the plant since doing so might cause the plant to catch fire and suffer permanent harm. When spreading the fertiliser, leave a gap of approximately two inches on both sides. Always be sure to give the area a good soaking after fertilising, or if that’s not feasible, try to arrange your treatments to coincide with a rainstorm.

Companion Planting

Because of the amount of nitrogen it generates, bush bean is an excellent companion plant. Species that thrive on nitrogen, like maize and asparagus, are able to put any surplus nitrogen to good use, which is beneficial to both plants. An excessive amount of nitrogen in the soil can result in lush bean plants with a gorgeous appearance but very few or no beans.

The beans produce more while simultaneously nourishing the companion crop when it is planted alongside them to help absorb any excess. When bush beans and beets are planted together, they produce a ground covering that limits the growth of weeds and suffocates them. Other foods that go well together that are healthful include cabbage, carrots, cucumbers, and eggplant.