Why Plumeria Drops Leaves


If you have ever seen a plumeria plant, also known as a Plumeria spp., you have undoubtedly been struck by its enormous, leathery leaves and fragrant blooms, which may appear in a range of colours, depending on the variation of the plant. It flourishes in frost-free gardens all year round in plant hardiness zones 9 through 11 according to the United States Department of Agriculture. Growing this tropical flower may be a fun gardening hobby, but you may get concerned if plumeria leaf issues arise, such as distorted, yellowing, or falling leaves. Plumeria leaf problems might include these symptoms: Even while this can be a typical occurrence, it might also be an indication of an issue that needs to be resolved.

A Natural Process

The plumeria plant is native to the Caribbean and Central America. It begins producing new growth in the spring and continues to actively develop until the temperatures in the autumn begin to decline. When temperatures in certain regions drop below 50 degrees Fahrenheit, the plant’s leaves begin to progressively turn yellow and finally fall to the ground, signifying the beginning of the plant’s winter dormancy. The plant will keep its thick and smooth branches throughout the winter, although it is possible for them to lose all of their leaves. This dormant condition, which is the plant’s natural response to colder temperatures, enables it to make it through the winter without any additional water and continue to thrive come spring.

Winter Protection and Care

If you reside in a cooler part of the plumeria’s range, where winter temperatures may dip below 40 degrees Fahrenheit, it is essential to give the plant with some winter protection in order to ensure that it makes it through the winter without being injured and may flourish once spring arrives. When planting a plumeria in an outdoor location, it is best to do so in close proximity to a warm, south- or west-facing structure, wall, or on a slope, where cool air may flow downhill, as this will assist the plant in surviving the winter in healthy condition. In addition, you may warm the plant up by draping a cloth over it on days when the weather is very low and then removing the cloth when the temperature rises throughout the day, or by stringing Christmas tree lights in its branches and turning them on.

Before the onset of winter, you should bring your plumeria inside if it is housed in a container. This is a recommendation made by the University of Florida. You may overwinter the plumeria inside at a temperature between 65 and 70 degrees Fahrenheit, giving it just infrequent, light watering. Alternatively, you can move it into a garage where the temperature is always above 40 degrees Fahrenheit.

Plumeria Leaves Drooping

For a plumeria plant to thrive and produce blooms throughout its growth season, it requires a consistent supply of sufficient water. The plant may lose its leaves and enter a state of dormancy earlier than normal if it does not get enough water during the hot summer months, which is why water is of the utmost importance during these months.

During the growth season, if the plumeria’s leaves begin to fall off and its buds cease becoming larger, then the plant may be experiencing problems due to underwatering. Even while it’s preferable to allow the top few inches of soil dry out a little bit in between waterings, you should still make sure to completely wet the plant each time you water it. It is possible to help a plant conserve water during the warm months by covering its roots with a layer of organic mulch, which also helps reduce the number of weeds that grow in the area and compete for water.

Other Plumeria Issues

Spider mites are microscopic pests that create fine, visible webs. They can cause leaves to become deformed, turn yellow or brown, and fall off an affected plant. If you find that the leaves of your well-watered plumeria are turning yellow in the summer, it is possible that your plumeria is infested with spider mites. You may get rid of mites on a plant by giving it a thorough spraying with insecticidal soap that has been diluted with water at a ratio of six teaspoons to one gallon.

Plumeria leaf concerns include a fungal disease called plumeria rust. Rust may also induce leaf drop, which is preceded by patches that look yellowish-orange and appear on the undersides of leaves. The easiest way to manage it is to routinely remove any debris that may be present beneath the plant and to limit watering to the area around the roots, keeping the leaves dry.

The University of Wisconsin-Madison Master Gardener Program warns against cutting or touching your plumeria because the milky sap that is secreted by broken or damaged branches and leaves causes eye discomfort and may result in a rash or other skin issues in sensitive persons. Put on protective equipment such as safety goggles and gloves, and don’t forget to sanitise any cutting instruments by spraying them with rubbing alcohol or Lysol.